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Breakdancing, also known as Breaking or Bboying, is a type of dancing that originated in the 1970s among Latino and African-American inner-city youth in New York City. This style of dancing grew as rap and hip-hop music became more popular, and is considered an integral part of the hip-hop culture. Breakdancing has since spread around the world.

breakdancing doing a headspin as part of a breakdance battle

Breakdancing features four main types of movement – toprock, downrock, power moves and freezes. Toprock generally refers to foot movements performed from a standing position, while downrock relates to floor-based moves performed with the body supported on the hands and feet. Freezes involve dancers holding a certain position, and power moves feature more acrobatic elements that are often the main element of routines.

Battle format is a one-on-one competition that sees athletes take it in turn to perform before being judged and scored. The winner then progresses to the next round of the knockout competition.

Dancesport in the form of breakdancing was part of the sporting program at the Youth Olympic Games in 2018. The competition was in the battle format, in events for men, women and mixed teams. The sport has also been added to the program for the 2024 Paris Olympic Games. Breaking is also part of the program for the World Urban Games and the Asian Games.

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