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The Sport of Underwater Fishing

Underwater fishing, also known as spearfishing, is a sport that involves hunting fish underwater using a variety of techniques. Unlike traditional fishing, where anglers above the waterline use fishing rods and lines to catch fish, underwater fishing relies on the skill of the diver to hunt and capture fish underwater using a specialized weapon.

spearfishing spear fishing

There's a competitive aspect to underwater fishing, with tournaments popular in some pacific nations. To be successful in underwater fishing you need to learn a variety of techniques: breathing, searching, finding, approaching the catch and accurate shooting. Like angling competitions, underwater fishing competitions are based on factors such as the size, weight, or species of fish caught. It's important for the fishers to be knowledgeable about the types of fish that can be caught, their sizes, and any legal restrictions.

Spearfishers use a range of specialized equipment. The primary tool is a spear gun or pole spear, also called a harpoon gun, which is used to shoot or impale fish from a distance. Divers also wear a mask, snorkel, and fins for improved visibility and maneuverability underwater. The use of underwater breathing devices is not allowed.

The competitors are allowed in only a specified fishing zone. They then have a limited time to locate, approach, shoot, catch and bring the fish out of the water. Snorkels are used to breathe while at the water's surface, and when a fish is spotted, they dive underwater to get into a better position for a shot. Being able to hold your breath for extended time is advantageous, and requires training and perseverance.

Underwater fishing was a sport at the Pacific Games four times, in 1971,1975, 1995, and 1999. It has also been an event at the Micronesian Games.

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