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Hop and Stop Test

The Hop and Stop Test is a functional movement test commonly used in physical therapy and sports rehabilitation settings to assess lower extremity function, particularly after lower limb injuries such as ankle sprains or knee injuries. It evaluates an individual's ability to hop and then come to a complete stop on the affected limb, testing both strength and stability.

The Hop and Stop Test provides valuable information about an individual's ability to perform functional movements on the affected limb, helping to guide rehabilitation efforts and optimize recovery from lower extremity injuries.

test purpose: to assess strength and balance

equipment required: flat, non-slip surface

pre-test: Explain the test procedures to the subject. Perform screening of health risks and obtain informed consent. Prepare forms and record basic information such as age, height, body weight, gender, test conditions. Perform an appropriate warm-up. See more details of pre-test procedures.

procedure: The individual stands on one leg, with the other limb lifted off the ground and held in the air. The individual hops forward, aiming to achieve maximal distance or height depending on the specific protocol being used. After completing the hop, the individual must come to a complete stop, demonstrating control and stability. They should hold this position for a few seconds before returning to a standing position.

scoring: Repeated the test multiple times to obtain a reliable assessment of lower extremity function. The number of successful hops and stops, as well as any deviations from proper form or balance, are recorded. The test results are evaluated by a physical therapist or healthcare professional to assess the individual's lower limb function, strength, balance, and proprioception. Deviations from proper form, such as excessive wobbling or inability to come to a complete stop, may indicate deficits in neuromuscular control or residual impairment from injury.

variations / modifications: The hop may be to achieve maximum height or maximum distance

notes: Based on the test results, appropriate rehabilitation exercises and interventions can be prescribed to address any identified deficits and improve lower limb function and stability over time. The Hop and Stop Test may be repeated periodically to track progress and adjust treatment plans as needed.

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